Observation (Behavioral mapping)
Observation is a technique used in environmental psychology and related fields for recording people’s behaviours and movements systematically as these behaviours occur in particular locations. A behavioural map is basically a record of where people are, what they actually do, and how their behaviours are distributed in a space. Behavioural maps may be place-centred or individual-centred. A place-centred map shows the locations of people in a particular setting at a particular time engaging in various activities. Place-centred mapping is appropriate when the goal is to assess the usage of a particular area or location. In contrast, an individual-centred map is a record of a person's movements and activities in a setting or settings over time. Individual-centred mapping is appropriate when the goal is to learn about a person or a group’s activities in relation to location and time (Ng, 2016).